Tzav - Command
Haftarah Yirmeyahu 7:21-8:3
Brit Chadasha Romiyah 12:1-8
8 And YHWH spoke to Moshe, saying,
9 Command Aharon and his sons, saying this is the Torah of the burnt offering: It is the burnt offering, because of the burning upon the altar all night to the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be burning in it.
10 And the kohen shall put on his linen garment, and his linen breeches shall he put upon his flesh, and take up the ashes which the fire has consumed with the burnt offering on the altar, and he shall put them beside the altar.
11 And he shall put off his garments, and put on other garments, and carry forth the ashes outside the camp to a clean place.
12 And the fire upon the altar shall be burning in it; it shall not be put out: and the kohen shall burn wood on it every morning, and lay the burnt offering in order upon it; and he shall burn on it the fat of the shalom offerings.
13 The fire shall always be burning upon the altar; it shall never go out.
Note: YHWH’s presence is always among His people. Today this is substituted in the form of a neir tamid, or the electric lamp in front of the ark of the Torah in most synagogues, that is never turned off.
14 And this is the Torah of the grain offering: the sons of Aharon shall offer it before YHWH, before the altar.
15 And he shall take of it his handful, of the flour of the grain offering, and of the oil of it, and all the frankincense which is upon the grain offering, and shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet fragrance, even the remembrance portion of it, to YHWH.
16 And the remainder of it shall Aharon and his sons eat: with unleavened lechem shall it be eaten in the Kadosh-Place; in the court of the Tabernacle of the congregation they shall eat it.
17 It shall not be baked with chametz. I have given it to them for their portion of My offerings made by fire; it is most kadosh, as is the sin offering, and as the guilt offering.
18 All the males among the children of Aharon shall eat of it. It shall be a chuk le-olam-va-ed in your generations concerning the offerings of YHWH made by fire: every one that touches them shall be kadosh.
19 And YHWH spoke to Moshe, saying,
20 This is the offering of Aharon and of his sons, which they shall offer to YHWH in the day when he is anointed; the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering perpetual, half of it in the morning, and half of it at night.
21 In a pan it shall be made with oil; and when it is baked, you shall bring it in: and the baked pieces of the grain offering shall you offer for a sweet fragrance to YHWH.
22 And the kohen from his sons that is anointed in his place shall offer it: it is a chuk le-olam-va-ed to YHWH, it shall be wholly burned.
23 For every grain offering for the kohen shall be wholly burned: it shall not be eaten.
24 And YHWH spoke to Moshe, saying,
25 Speak to Aharon and to his sons, saying, this is the Torah of the sin offering: In the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed before YHWH: it is most kadosh.
26 The kohen that offers it for sin shall eat it: in the Kadosh-Place shall it be eaten, in the court of the Tabernacle of the congregation.
27 Whatever shall touch the flesh of it shall be kadosh: and when there is sprinkled dahm upon any garment, you shall wash that on which it was sprinkled in a Kadosh-Place.
28 But the earthen vessel in which it is cooked shall be broken: and if it be cooked in a bronze pot, it shall be scoured, and rinsed in mayim.
29 All the males among the Kohanim shall eat of it: it is most kadosh.
30 And no sin offering, from which any of the dahm is brought into the Tabernacle of the congregation to make keporah in the Kadosh-Place, shall be eaten: it shall be burned in the fire.
1 Likewise this is the Torah of the guilt offering: it is most kadosh.
2 In the place where they kill the burnt offering shall they kill the guilt offering: and the dahm of it shall he sprinkle all around upon the altar.
3 And he shall offer from it all the fat; the tail, and the fat that covers the inwards,
4 And the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the loins, and the lobe that is above the liver, with the kidneys, shall he take away:
5 And the kohen shall burn them upon the altar for an offering made by fire to YHWH: it is a guilt offering.
6 Every male among the Kohanim shall eat of it: it shall be eaten in a kadosh-place: it is most kadosh.
7 As the sin offering is, so is the guilt offering: there is one Torah for them: the kohen that makes keporah with it shall have it.
8 And the kohen that offers any man's burnt offering, even the kohen shall have for himself the skin of the burnt offering that he has offered.
9 And the entire grain offering that is baked in the oven, and all that is dressed in the frying pan, and in the pan, shall be the kohen's that offers it.
10 And every grain offering, mixed with oil, and dry, shall all the sons of Aharon have, one as much as another.
11 And this is the Torah of the sacrifice of shalom offerings, which one shall offer to YHWH.
12 If he offers it for a hodu, then he shall offer with the sacrifice of hodu unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and cakes mixed with oil, of fine flour, fried.
13 Besides the cakes, he shall offer for his offering leavened lechem with the sacrifice of hodu for his shalom offerings.
14 And of it he shall offer one out of the whole offering for a contribution to YHWH, and it shall be the kohen's that sprinkles the dahm of the shalom offerings.
15 And the flesh of the sacrifice of his shalom offerings for hodu shall be eaten the same day that it is offered; he shall not leave any of it until the morning.
16 But if the sacrifice of his offering be a vow, or a voluntary offering, it shall be eaten the same day that he offers his sacrifice: and on the next day also the remainder of it shall be eaten:
17 But the remainder of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burned with fire.
18 And if any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his shalom offerings be eaten at all on the third day, it shall not be accepted, neither shall it be imputed to him that offers it: it shall be an abomination, and the being that eats of it shall bear his iniquity.
19 And the flesh that touches any unclean thing shall not be eaten; it shall be burned with fire: and as for the flesh, all that is clean shall eat of it.
20 But the being that eats of the flesh of the sacrifice of shalom offerings, that pertains to YHWH, having his uncleanness upon him, even that being shall be cut off from his people.
21 Moreover the being that shall touch any unclean thing, as the uncleanness of man, or any unclean beast, or any abominable unclean thing, and eats of the flesh of the sacrifice of shalom offerings, which pertains to YHWH, even that being shall be cut off from his people.
22 And YHWH spoke to Moshe, saying,
23 Speak to the children of Yisrael, saying, you shall eat no manner of fat, of ox, or of sheep, or of goat. (One of the six hundred thirteen commandments)
24 And the fat of the beast that dies by itself, and the fat of that which is torn by living creatures, may be used in any other use: but you shall in no wise eat of it.
25 For whoever eats the fat of the beast, of which men offer an offering made by fire to YHWH, even that being that eats it shall be cut off from his people.
Note: The Name was found in paleo Hebrew in this verse in Cave 4 of the DSS.
26 Moreover you shall eat no manner of dahm, whether it be of fowl, or of beast, in any of your dwellings.
27 Whatever being it is that eats any manner of dahm, even that being shall be cut off from his people.
28 And YHWH spoke to Moshe, saying,
29 Speak to the children of Yisrael, saying, He that offers the sacrifice of his shalom offerings to YHWH shall bring his offering to YHWH from the sacrifice of his shalom offerings.
30 His own hands shall bring the offerings to YHWH made by fire. The fat with the breast, shall he bring, that the breast may be waved for a wave offering before YHWH.
31 And the kohen shall burn the fat upon the altar: but the breast shall be Aharon's and his sons'.
32 And the right thigh shall you give to the kohen for a contribution offering of the sacrifices of your shalom offerings.
33 He among the sons of Aharon, that offers the dahm of the shalom offerings, and the fat, shall have the right thigh for his part.
34 For the wave breast and the heave thigh have I taken from the children of Yisrael from off the sacrifices of their shalom offerings, and have given them to Aharon the kohen and to his sons by a chuk le-olam-va-ed from among the children of Yisrael.
35 This is the portion of the anointing of Aharon, and of the anointing of his sons, out of the offerings of YHWH made by fire, in the day when he presented them to attend to YHWH in the kohen's office;
36 Which YHWH commanded to be given to them by the children of Yisrael, in the day that He anointed them, by a chuk le-olam-va-ed throughout their generations.
37 This is the Torah of the burnt offering, of the grain offering, and of the sin offering, and of the guilt offering, and of the consecration offerings, and of the sacrifice of the shalom offerings;
38 Which YHWH commanded Moshe on Har Senai, in the day that He commanded the children of Yisrael to offer their offerings to YHWH, in the wilderness of Senai.
1 And YHWH spoke to Moshe, saying,
2 Take Aharon and his sons with him, and the garments, and the anointing oil, and a bull for the sin offering, and two rams, and a basket of unleavened lechem;
3 And gather the entire congregation together to the door of the Tabernacle of the congregation.
4 And Moshe did as YHWH commanded him; and the congregation was gathered together to the door of the Tabernacle of the congregation.
5 And Moshe said to the congregation, this is the thing that YHWH commanded to be done.
6 And Moshe brought Aharon and his sons, and washed them with mayim.
7 And he put upon him the coat, and dressed him with the girdle, and clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod upon him, and he dressed him with the long shirt of the ephod, and bound it to him with it.
8 And he put the breastplate upon him: also he put in the breastplate the Urim and the Thumim.
9 And he put the turban upon his head; also upon the turban, even upon its forefront, did he put the golden plate, the kadosh keter, as YHWH commanded Moshe.
Note: Men were to always have their heads covered.
10 And Moshe took the anointing oil, and anointed the Tabernacle and all that was in it, and set them apart.
11 And he sprinkled it upon the altar seven times, and anointed the altar and all its vessels, both the basin and its stand, to set them apart.
12 And he poured of the anointing oil upon Aharon's head, and anointed him, to set him apart.
13 And Moshe brought Aharon's sons, and put robes upon them, and dressed them with girdles, and put turbans upon them; as YHWH commanded Moshe.
Note: See note on verse 9.
14 And he brought the bull for the sin offering: and Aharon and his sons laid their hands upon the head of the bull for the sin offering.
15 And he killed it; and Moshe took the dahm, and put it upon the horns of the altar all around with his finger, and purified the altar, and poured the dahm at the bottom of the altar, and set it apart, to make keporah upon it.
16 And he took all the fat that was upon the inwards, and the lobe above the liver, and the two kidneys, and their fat, and Moshe burned it upon the altar.
17 But the bull, and its hide, its flesh, and its dung, he burned with fire outside the camp; as YHWH commanded Moshe.
18 And he brought the ram for the burnt offering: and Aharon and his sons laid their hands upon the head of the ram.
19 And he killed it; and Moshe sprinkled the dahm upon the altar all around.
20 And he cut the ram into pieces; and Moshe burned the head, and the pieces, and the fat.
21 And he washed the inwards and the legs in mayim; and Moshe burned the whole ram upon the altar: it was a burnt sacrifice for a sweet fragrance, and an offering made by fire to YHWH; as YHWH commanded Moshe.
22 And he brought the other ram, the ram of consecration, and Aharon and his sons laid their hands upon the head of the ram.
23 And he killed it; and Moshe took of the dahm of it, and put it upon the tip of Aharon's right ear, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and upon the great toe of his right foot.
24 And he brought Aharon's sons, and Moshe put some of the dahm upon the tips of their right ears, and upon the thumbs of their right hands, and upon the great toes of their right feet; and Moshe sprinkled the dahm upon the altar all around.
Note: This ceremony was done to symbolize what Moshiach did, who now at the right side of the Father, serving as High Priest over Renewed Covenant Israel
25 And he took the fat, and the tail, and all the fat that was upon the inwards, and the lobe above the liver, and the two kidneys, and their fat, and the right thigh:
26 And out of the basket of unleavened lechem that was before YHWH he took one unleavened cake, and a cake of oiled lechem, and one wafer, and put them on the fat, and upon the right thigh:
27 And he put all upon Aharon's hands, and upon his sons' hands, and waved them for a wave offering before YHWH.
28 And Moshe took them from off their hands, and burned them on the altar upon the burnt offering: they were consecrations for a sweet fragrance: it is an offering made by fire to YHWH.
29 And Moshe took the breast, and waved it for a wave offering before YHWH: Taken from the ram of consecration it was Moshe's part as YHWH commanded Moshe.
30 And Moshe took of the anointing oil, and of the dahm which was upon the altar, and sprinkled it upon Aharon, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon his
sons' garments with him; and set Aharon apart, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.
31 And Moshe said to Aharon and to his sons, boil the flesh at the door of the Tabernacle of the congregation: and there eat it with the lechem that is in the basket of consecration, as I commanded, saying, Aharon and his sons shall eat it.
32 And that which remains of the flesh and of the lechem shall you burn with fire.
33 And you shall not go out of the door of the Tabernacle of the congregation for seven days, until the days of your consecration are at an end: for seven days He shall consecrate you.
34 As He has done this day, so YHWH has commanded to do, to make keporah for you.
35 Therefore shall you abide at the door of the Tabernacle of the congregation day and night for seven days, and guard the charge of YHWH, that you do not die: for so I am commanded.
36 So Aharon and his sons did all things that YHWH commanded by the hand of Moshe.
Again we address the subject of sacrifices; and we will look at two key topics.
We must deal with today’s teaching that sacrifices have gone away, it simply doesn’t apply they teach. But there is a time coming when Israel will again begin to sacrifice animal sacrifices, types of offerings, and doing business with YHWH.
1. What is the present Jewish view of sacrifices – they must be the experts, but their views are distorted, and incorrect.
2. Make sure you understand what a statute and an ordinance.
Why do we obey YHWH?
What is YHWH trying to teach us when HE gives us a statute?
But the bottom line is; that sacrificial system is still in place according to YHWH. It is not active now, but the reason it was created for it is still with us. Modern theology today teaches that the entire sacrificial system went away, and while we can’t offer sacrifices on the Temple mount today doesn’t mean that in the future they will not be restarted as prophesied. When we say this we might as well say; with the sacrificial system gone, we can say that Torah went away, then the Temple system went away, then you can say Israel went away, and if Israel went away, then there is no god of creation either! We can’t subdivide or take away anything that YHWH has instituted and established forever and have it still stand!
YaShua didn’t institute the sacrificial system or the Temple system but HE endorsed them and put HIS own signature on them. So, to understand the book of Leviticus we must see what YaShua has to do with it. When Daniel prophesied that the Temple sacrifice would be stopped they were defiant against him. They said that YHWH would never permit anyone to come and disturb these systems, and HE would send someone from Heaven to prevent it, but, the Babylonians came and destroyed it much to their chagrin.
YaShua wasn’t coming to wield a heavy hand but to render mercy to us. They say today that these systems were for those in antiquity and not for us today, and that back then HE had a special purpose for it all, but it doesn’t apply to us today. In Jewish thinking, remember when Moshe was with Pharaoh he told him that they must go out into the wilderness to worship and this must have sounded pretty stupid to Pharaoh to surmise that we were going out there to kill their gods. YHWH was weaning us away from the gods of the Egyptians, and that HE was going to teach us how HE wants to be worshiped.
Modern teaching teaches that sacrifices went away and all the other things I mentioned earlier and they went so far as to say the rest went with it and they for the most part all agree with this theology, they made their own system of worship! We are to keep the commandments, statutes and ordinances. HE teaches that we’d better know what they mean and not look at them in a cavalier manner. Statutes are of the state, ordinances are on the local level. Ordinances are self-evident, while statutes are not readily self-evident. Commandments must be taught and learned in order to rightfully understand and obey statutes and ordinances and all these things are so, that we may have a long life. In addition, we must learn why there is a certain commandment for this thing or the other.
Hebrews 10: (all these verses are from the book of Leviticus)
19 Having therefore, Yisraelite brothers, boldness to enter into the Makom Kadosh by the dahm of YaShua,
20 By a new and living way, which He has set-apart for us, through the veil, that is to say, His flesh;
21 And having a Kohen Ha Gadol over the Beit HaMikdash of YHWH;
22 Let us draw near with a true lev in full assurance of emunah, having our levim sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure mayim.
23 Let us hold fast the confession of our emunah without wavering; (for He is faithful that promised ;)
24 And let us care for one another to stir up ahava and tov mitzvoth:
25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as you see the Yom approaching.
26 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the da’at of the emet, there remains no more sacrifice for sins,
27 But a certain fearful anticipation of mishpat and fire, which shall devour His enemies.
28 He that despised Moshe’s Torah died without rachamim under two or three witnesses:
29 Of how much worse punishment, do you think, he shall deserve who has trampled underfoot the Son of YHWH, and has counted the dahm of the brit, by which he was made kadosh as a common thing, and has insulted the Ruach of favor?
21 This says YHWH tzevaoth, the Elohim of Yisrael; Put your burnt offerings to your sacrifices, and eat food.
22 For I spoke not to your ahvot, nor commanded them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Mitzrayim, concerning burnt offerings, or sacrifices:
23 But this thing I commanded them, saying, Obey My voice, and I will be your Elohim, and you shall be My people: and walk in all of the derech that I have commanded you, that it may be well with you.
24 But they heard not, nor inclined their ear, but had their walk in the counsels and in the imaginations of their evil lev, and went backwards, and not forwards.
25 Since the day that your ahvot came forth out of the land of Mitzrayim to this day I have even sent to you all My avadim the neviim, daily rising up early and sending them:
26 Yet they listened not to Me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their ahvot.
27 Therefore you shall speak all these words to them; but they will not listen to you: you shall also call to them; but they will not answer you.
28 But you shall say to them, this is a nation that obeys not the voice of YHWH their Elohim, nor receives correction: emet has perished, and is cut off from their mouth.
29 Cut off your hair, O Yahrushalayim, and cast it away, and take up a lamentation on the bare heights; for YHWH has rejected and forsaken the generation of His wrath.
30 For the children of Yahudah have done evil in My sight, says YHWH: they have set their abominations in the Bayit that is called by My Name, to defile it.
31 And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded them not, neither came it into My lev.
32 Therefore, see, the days come, says YHWH, that it shall no more be called Tophet, nor the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter: for they shall bury in Tophet, until there is no more room.
33 And the corpses of this people shall be food for the fowls of the shamayim and for the beasts of the earth; and none shall frighten them away.
34 Then will I cause to cease from the cities of Yahudah, and from the streets of Yahrushalayim, the voice of gilah, and the voice of simcha, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride: for the land shall be desolate.
1 At that time, says YHWH, they shall bring out the bones of the melechim of Yahudah, and the bones of its leaders, and the bones of the Kohanim, and the bones of the neviim, and the bones of the inhabitants of Yahrushalayim, out of their graves:
2 And they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of the shamayim, whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have had their walk, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshipped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth.
3 And death shall be chosen rather than chayim by all the residue of them that remain of this evil mishpacha, which remains in all the places where I have driven them, says
I beg you therefore, Yisraelite brothers, by the rachamim of YHWH, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, kadosh, acceptable to YHWH, which is your act of reasonable worship.
2 And be not conformed to this olam hazeh: but be transformed by the ongoing renewing of your mind, that you may discern what is that tov, acceptable, and even the perfect, will of YHWH.
3 For I say, through the unmerited favor given to me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he should; but to think soberly, as YHWH has dealt to every man the measure of emunah.
4 For as we have many members in the one body of Yisrael, and all members have not the same role:
5 So we, being many, are one body of Yisrael in the Moshiach, and each one member’s one of another.
6 Having then gifts differing according to the unmerited favor that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the measure of emunah;
7 Or, some service let us serve: or he that teaches, let him teach;
8 Or, he that exhorts let him exhort: he that gives, let him do it with simplicity; he that oversees, with diligence; he that shows rachamim, with simcha.
Note: this is what you’re doing when you say that the sacrificial system went away; that the blood of YaShua was of no value!
30 For we know Him that has said, Vengeance belongs to Me, I will repay, says the Master YHWH. And again, YHWH shall judge His people.
31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living Eloah.
6 Sacrifice and offering You did not desire; but a body You have prepared for Me; burnt offering and sin offering You did not require.
7 Then said I, observe, I will come: in the volume of the scroll it is written all about Me,
8 I delight to do Your will, O My Elohim: yes, Your Torah is within My lev.
Our neighbors; unless they study Torah and understand it’s statutes they will never have their eyes opened to the Truth. The reason for the blindness in the first place is that we have forsaken Torah!
Today we want to decide whether we should keep certain commandments or not, well they are not up for selection, they all must be treated with the same concern. Two rabbis were discussing why we should keep the commandments and the other said well, there are two reasons why. One is; it is just better, the other is even more important; HE said we must! We do it today as our reasonable service. To sacrifice our best to HIM is to be rewarded later on. Leviticus 18:5, 5 you shall therefore guard My chukim, and My mishpatim: which if a man does, he shall live in them: I am YHWH.