Congregation Netzarim

Congregation Netzarim:

 

 

 

 

Updated 07-14-18

Shabbat Shalom

TP 42

Mattot - Tribes 

Numbers 30:1-32:42

Haftarah Yirmeyahu 1:1-23 

Brit Hadasha Mattiyahu 5:33-37 

Chapter 30

1 And Moshe spoke to the heads of the tribes concerning the children of Yisrael, saying, this is the thing that YHWH has commanded.

If a man vows a vow to YHWH, or swears an oath to bind his being with some agreementhe shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedsout of his mouth.

Note:if you say it – you must do it.  Remember the king who told the woman he would grant any request – and she requested the head of Yochanan the imerser on a platter. He had to keep his promise. It’s called being true to your word. 

3 If a woman also vows a vow to YHWH, and binds herself by an agreement, being in her abba's bayit in her youth;

4 And her abba hears her vow, and her agreement by which she has bound her being, and her abba shall hold his shalom towards her: then all her vows shall stand, and every agreement by which she has bound her being shall stand.

5 But if her abba disallows it in the day that he hears it; not any of her vows, or agreements by which she has bound her being, shall stand: and YHWH shall forgive her, because her abba disallowed it for her.

6 And if she has a husband, when she vowed, or uttered something rash out of her lips, by which she bound her being;

7 And her husband heardit, and held his shalomtowards her in the daythathe heardit: then her vows shall stand, and her agreements by which she bound her being shall stand.

Note:the above verses speak of vows.  Shaul wrote about women speaking in a congregation and being covered or uncovered.  This is where he is taking his writings from on the subject.  Basically if a man makes a promise, (vow), he is required to keep it, and that’s not just a suggestion.  On the other hand if a single woman makes a vow then her father must allow or disallow it, thus we call this ‘being covered’, doesn’t mean with a scarf, baseball cap, a pagan easter bonnet, etc.  This also encompasses her when praying as well.  When it speaks of a man being covered; here again, doesn’t mean top-hat, baseball cap, but that he is covered by YaShua.  Before someone says that donning a Tallit to pray under is done away with, it ain’t.  Read on below- Therefore when a man makes a vow to YHWH he is obligated to keep it. So, this Scripture can be referenced to teach “covering and vows.”  Read the rest of chapter 30.

8 But if her husband disallowed it on the day that he heard it; then he has nullified her vow which she vowed, and that which she uttered with her lips, by which she bound her being, shall be of no effect: and YHWH shall forgive her.

9 But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, by which they have bound their beings, shall stand against her.

10 And if she vowed in her husband's bayit, or bound herself by an agreement with an oath;

11 And her husband heard it, and held his shalom towards her, and did not disallow it: then all her vows shall stand, and every agreement by which she bound her being shall stand.

12 But if her husband has utterly made them void on the day he heard them; then whatever proceeded out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning the agreement of her being, shall not stand: her husband has made them void; and YHWH shall forgive her.

13 Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the being, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

14 But if her husband altogether holds his shalom towards her from day to day; then he established all her vows, or all her agreements, which are upon her: he confirms them, because he held his shalom towards her in the day that he heard them.

15 But if he shall in any way make them void after he has heard them; then he shall bear her iniquity.

16 These are the chukim, which YHWH commanded Moshe, between a man and his wife, between the abba and his daughter, being yet in her youth in her abba's bayit.

Chapter 31

1 And YHWH spoke to Moshe, saying,

Avenge the children of Yisrael against the Midyanitesafterward shall you begathered to your people.

Note:notice that YHWH said to Moshe “you shall be gathered to your people” – meaning he would sleep with his fathers.

3 And Moshe spoke to the people, saying, some of you arm for war; and let them goagainst the Midyanites, and avenge YHWHon Midyan.

4 Of every tribe a thousand, throughout all the tribesof Yisrael, shall you send to the war:

5 So there were delivered out of the thousands of Yisrael, a thousand from every tribe, twelve thousand armed for war.

6 And Moshe sent them to the war, a thousand from every tribe, with Pinchus the sonof El-Azar the kohen, to the warwith the kadosh instruments, and the trumpets to blow in his hand.

Note:Look what Pinchus is doing – he took the Holy instruments, and wherever they go there is victory.

7 And they warredagainst the Midyanites, as YHWH commanded Moshe; and theykilled all the males.

8 And they killed the melechim of Midyan, beside the rest of them that were slain; namely, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reva, five melechim of MidyanBilam also the son of Beor they slewwith the sword.

9 And the children of Yisrael took all the women of Midyan captives, and their little ones, and took the spoil of all their cattle, and all their flocks, and all their goods.

Note:V9 took all the women – was this the instruction from YHWH? No, they were supposed to kill all those who were not virgins.

  

10 And they burned all their cities in which they dwelt, and all their encampments, with fire.

11 And they took all the spoil, and all the prey, both of men and of beasts.

12 And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, to Moshe, and El-Azar the kohen, and to the congregation of the children of Yisrael, to the camp at the plains of Moav, which is by Yarden near Yericho.

13 And Moshe, and El-Azar the kohen, and all the leaders of the congregation, wentout to meet them outsidethe camp.

14 And Moshe was angry with the officers of the army, with the captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, who came from the battle. 

15 And Moshe said to them, have you saved all the women alive?

Note:“you saved all the women?”  V16 – you brought them here! They are the ones who caused all these transgressions against YHWH in the first place.  Remember what Bilam told Balak, to send your daughters into their camp and it would cause great harm to them?  These are the very women who went down there!  This should be a warning that no sin will enter HIS camp.

16 See, these caused the children of Yisrael, through the counsel of Bilam, to committrespass against YHWHin the matter of Peor, and there was a plague among the congregation of YHWH.

17 Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hasknown a manby lying with him.

18 But all the female children, that have not known a man by lying with himkeepalivefor yourselves.

19 And abide outside the camp seven days: whoever has killed any person, and whoever has touched any slain, purify both yourselves and your captiveson the third day, and on the seventh day.

20 And purify all your raiment, and all that is made of skins, and all work of goats' hair, and all things made of wood.

21 And El-Azar the kohen said to the men of war who went to the battle, this is the ordinance of the Torah that YHWH commanded Moshe;

22 Only the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead,

23 Everything that may abide in the fire, you shall make it go through the fire, and itshall be clean: nevertheless it shall be purified with the mayim of separation: and all that passes not through the fire you shall make go through the mayim.

24 And you shall wash your clothes on the seventh day, and you shall be clean, and afterward you shall come into the camp.

25 And YHWH spoke to Moshe, saying, 

26 Take the census of the spoil that was taken, both of man and of beast, you, and El-Azar the kohen, and the heads of the ahvot of the congregation:

27 And divide the spoil into two parts; between them that took the war upon them, who went out to battle, and between the entire congregation:

28 And levy a tribute to YHWHfrom the men of war who went out to battle: one being of five hundred, both of the persons, and of the cattle, and of the donkeys, and of the sheep:

29 Take it from their half, and give it to El-Azar the kohen, for a kadosh offering for YHWH.

30 And of the children of Yisrael's half, you shall take one portion of fifty, of the persons, of the cattle, of the donkeys, and of the flocks, of all manner of beasts, and give them to the Lewiym, who keep the duty of the Tabernacle of YHWH.

31 And Moshe and El-Azar the kohen did as YHWH commanded Moshe.

32 And the spoils, being the rest of the plunder which the men of war had caught, was six hundred seventy five thousand sheep,

33 And seventy two thousand cattle, 

34 And sixty one thousand donkeys,

35 And thirty two thousand persons in all, of women that had not known a manby lying with him.

Note:when we read the account of the war, we see how many souls that was brought back- all the spoils, and this was accomplished with twelve thousand troops!

36 And the half, which was the portion of those that went out to war, was in number three hundred thirty seven thousand five hundred sheep:

37 And YHWH's tribute of the sheep was six hundred seventy five.

38 And the cattle were thirty six thousand; of which YHWH's tribute was seventy-two.

39 And the donkeys were thirty thousand five hundred; of which YHWH's tribute was sixty one.

40 And the persons were sixteen thousand; of which YHWH's tribute was thirty-two persons.

41 And Moshe gave the tribute, which was YHWH's kadosh offering, to El-Azar the kohen, as YHWH commanded Moshe.

42 And of the children of Yisrael's half, which Moshe divided from the men that were at war,

43 Now the half that belonged to the congregation was three hundred thirty seven thousand five hundred sheep, 44 and thirty six thousand cattle,

45 And thirty thousand five hundred donkeys, 

46 And sixteen thousand persons;

47 Even from the children of Yisrael's half, Moshe took one portion of fifty, both of man and of beast, and gave them to the Lewiym, who kept the duty of the Tabernacle of YHWH; as YHWH commanded Moshe.

48 And the officers, who were over thousands of the army, the captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds, came near to Moshe:

49 And they said to Moshe, Your avadim have taken the census of the men of war who are under our duty, and there lacks not one man among us.

Note:not one man was lost – meaning that not one Israelite will be lost when we return home to the land and also none will lack hearing the Good News and the opportunity to follow YaShua.

50 We have therefore brought an offering for YHWH, what every man has gotten, of jewels of gold, chains, and bracelets, rings, earrings, and tablets, to make a keporah for our beings before YHWH.

51 And Moshe and El-Azar the kohen took the gold from them, even all the fashioned jewels.

52 And all the gold of the offering that they offered up to YHWH, from the captains of thousands, and of the captains of hundreds, was sixteen thousand seven hundred fifty shekels.

53 For the men of war had taken spoil, every man for himself.

54 And Moshe and El-Azar the kohen took the gold of the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the Tabernacle of the congregation for a memorial for the children of Yisrael before YHWH.

Chapter 32

1 Now the children of Reuven and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle: and when they saw the land of Yazer, and the land of Gilad, that the place was a tov place for cattle;

2 The children of Gadand the children of Reuvencame and spoke to Moshe, and to El-Azar the kohen, and to the leaders of the congregation, saying,

3 Ataroth, and Divon, and Yazer, and Nimrah, and Cheshbon, and Elealeh, and Shevam, and Nevo, and Beon,

4 Even the country which YHWH smotebefore the congregation of Yisrael is a landfor cattle, and your avadim have cattle:

5 Therefore, they said, if we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given toyour avadim for a possessionand bring us not over the YardenRiver.

6 And Moshe said to the children of Gad and to the children of Reuven, Shall yourbrothers go to war, while you shall sit here?

7 And why do you discourage the lev of the childrenof Yisrael from going overinto the land that YHWH has given them?

This did your ahvot, when I sent them from Kadesh-Barnea to see the land.

Note: here are Israelites who want to stay outside the Promised Land- but in the end they are told to fight with their brothers to secure the land and they can return with their sins forgiven.

9 For when they went up to the Valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they discouraged the levim of the children of Yisrael that they should not go into the land that YHWH had given them.

10 And YHWH's anger was lit at the same time, and He swore, saying,

11 Surely none of the men that came up out of Mitzrayim, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I swore to Avraham, to Yitzchak, and to Yaakov;because they have not fully followed Me:

12 Except Kalev the son of Yephunneh the Kenezite, and Yahoshua the son of Nun:for they have wholly followed YHWH.

13 And YHWH's anger was lit against Yisrael,and He made them wander in thewilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight ofYHWH, was consumed.

14 And, see, now you have risen up in your abba’s stead, an increase of sinful mento add more to the fierce anger of YHWHtowards Yisrael.

15 For if you turn away from after Him,He will yet again leave them in the wildernessand you shall destroy this entire people.

Note:in other words; if you don’t go and fight with your brothers, you’ll destroy this entire people.

16 And they came near to him, and said, we will build sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones:

17 But we ourselves will go ready armed before the children of Yisrael, until we havebrought them to their place:and our little ones shall dwell in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land.

18 We will not return to our houses, until the children of Yisrael have inherited every man his inheritance.

19 For we will not inherit with them on the other side of the Yarden, or beyond; because our inheritance has fallen to us on this sideof the Yarden eastward.

20 And Moshe said to them, if you will do this thing, if you will go armed before YHWH to war, 

21 And will go all of you armed over the Yarden before YHWH, until He has driven out His enemies from before Him,

22 And the land shall be subdued before YHWH: then afterward you shall return, and be guiltless before YHWH, and before Yisrael; and this land shall be your possession before YHWH.

23 But if you will not do so, see, you will have sinned against YHWH: and be sure your sin will find you out.

24 Build cities for your little ones and pens for your sheep; and do that which has proceeded out of your mouth.

25 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuven spoke to Moshe, saying, your avadim will do as my master commands.

26 Our little ones, our wives, our flocks, and all our cattle, shall be there in the cities of Gilad:

27 But your avadim will pass over, every man armed for war, before YHWH to battle, as my master says.

28 So concerning them Moshe commanded El-Azar the kohen, and Yahoshua the son of Nun, and the leaders, the ahvot of the tribes of the children of Yisrael:

29 And Moshe said to them, if the children of Gad and the children of Reuven will pass with you over Yarden, every man armed to battle, before YHWH, and the land shall be subdued before you; then you shall give them the land of Gilad for a possession:

30 But if they will not pass over with you armed, they shall have possessions among you in the land of Kanaan.

31 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuven answered, saying, As YHWH has said to your avadim, so will we do.

32 We will pass over armed before YHWH into the land of Kanaan, that the possession of our inheritance on this side of the Yarden may be ours.

33 And Moshe gave to them, even to the children of Gad, and to the children of Reuven, and to half the tribe of Menashsheh the son of Yoseph, the malchut ofSichon melech of the Amorites, and the malchut of Og melech of Bashan, the land, with the cities of it in the coasts, even the cities of the country all around.

34 And the children of Gad built Dibon, and Ataroth, and Aroer,

35 And Atroth, Shophan, and Yaazer, and Yogvehah,

36 And Beth-Nimrah, and Beth-Charan, fortified cities: and pens for sheep.

37 And the children of Reuven built Cheshbon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathayim,

38 And Nevo, and Ba’al-Meon - their names being changed - and Shivmah: and gave other names to the cities that they built.

39 And the children of Machir the son of Menashsheh went to Gilad, and took it, and dispossessed the Amorites that were in it.

40 And Moshe gave Gilad to Machir the son of Menashsheh; and he dwelt there.

41 And Yair the son of Menashsheh went and took the small towns of it, and called them Havoth-Yair.

42 And Novach went and took Kenath, and the villages of it, and called it Novach, after his own name, for a memorial for the children of Yisrael before YHWH.

We see in this portion that YHWH demanded obedience and it’s still true today. If only we would be obedient to Him, how He is so willing to pour out His blessings on us.  YaShua didn’t do away with the commandment to keep His Torah. We are to be a set apart people; to be set apart from the world, not mingling with the world.  We cannot serve YHWH and serve the world.  Many times in Torah we see Israel straying from YHWH, touching the unclean things of the world.  The goal is to walk with YHWH and Torah is our guide – how simple the formula. YaShua said, “this people serves me with their lips but their hearts are far from ME.

Comments for this portion

All of chapter 30 deals with the binding of statements made by man or by their daughters and how they are governed and enforced and the commandments that are to extend or limit them.

1 And Moshe spoke to the heads of the tribes concerning the children of Yisrael, saying, this is the thing that YHWH has commanded.

2 If a man vows a vow to YHWH, or swears an oath to bind his being with some agreement; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.

3 If a woman also vows a vow to YHWH, and binds herself by an agreement, being in her abba's bayit in her youth;

4 And her abba hears her vow, and her agreement by which she has bound her being, and her abba shall hold his shalom towards her: then all her vows shall stand, and every agreement by which she has bound her being shall stand.

5 But if her abba disallows it in the day that he hears it; not any of her vows, or agreements by which she has bound her being, shall stand: and YHWH shall forgive her, because her abba disallowed it for her.

31:1 And YHWH spoke to Moshe, saying,

2 Avenge the children of Yisrael against the Midyanites: afterward shall you be gathered to your people.

3 And Moshe spoke to the people, saying, some of you arm for war; and let them go against the Midyanites, and avenge YHWH on Midyan.

4 Of every tribe a thousand, throughout all the tribes of Yisrael, shall you send to the war:

5 So there were delivered out of the thousands of Yisrael, a thousand from every tribe, twelve thousand armed for war.

A call to arms and they killed all the males, and even Bilam was slain as well.  They captured all the females and children and took the spoils of the cattle and grain of the people back with them.  They then get the order to kill all the male children and all the women who have known a man.  Purify yourselves and take a census of all the spoils and divide them among those who went out to war.

Later in Chapter 32:

5 Therefore, they said, if we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given to your avadim for a possession, and bring us not over the Yarden River.

6 And Moshe said to the children of Gad and to the children of Reuven, Shall your brothers go to war, while you shall sit here?

7 And why do you discourage the lev of the children of Yisrael from going over into the land that YHWH has given them?

8 This did your ahvot, when I sent them from Kadesh-Barnea to see the land.

9 For when they went up to the Valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they discouraged the levim of the children of Yisrael that they should not go into the land that YHWH had given them.

10 And YHWH's anger was lit at the same time, and He swore, saying,

11 Surely none of the men that came up out of Mitzrayim, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I swore to Avraham, to Yitzchak, and to Yaakov; because they have not fully followed Me:

And:

19 For we will not inherit with them on the other side of the Yarden, or beyond; because our inheritance has fallen to us on this side of the Yarden eastward.

20 And Moshe said to them, If you will do this thing, if you will go armed before YHWH to war, 21 And will go all of you armed over the Yarden before YHWH, until He has driven out His enemies from before Him,

In this account we see that these people don’t want to go over the Yarden – and, if my assumption is correct, this place they feel is suitable enough for them, so, let us just stay here and settle and not go on this 40 year camping trip.  You see in a verse there that YHWH says, that they, the ones that came out of Egypt, 20 years and older, that they will die in this wilderness too. They therefore would be setting up a nation outside of the Promised Land, they in turn will not be a part of the Commonwealth of Israel, so YHWH’s anger is lit against them – and tells them that indeed they will go and participate in battle, you’ll do it MY way or you’ll do it MY way!

Further on after they have taken many cities, Israel changes the names of the cities and this would account for the problems that archaeologists identifying correctly the ruins they find.

Haftarah 

Yirmeyahu 1:1 - 2:3 

1 The words of Yirmeyahu the son of Hilkiyahu, of the Kohanim that were in Anathoth in the land of Benyamin:

2 To whom the word of YHWH came in the days of Yoshiyahu the son of Amon melech of Yahudah, in the thirteenth year of his malchut.

3 It came also in the days of Yahuyakim the son of Yoshiyahu melech of Yahudah, until the end of the eleventh year of Tzidkiyahu the son of Yoshiyahu melech of Yahudah, until the carrying away of Yahrushalayim into exile in the fifth month.

4 Then the word of YHWH came to me, saying,

Before I formed you in the belly I knew you;and before you came forth out of the womb I set you apart, and I ordained you as a navi to the nations.

6 Then I said, Oy vey, Master YHWH! See, I cannot speak: for I am only a child.

7 But YHWH said to me, do not say, I am a child: for you shall go to all that I shall send you, and whatever I command you, you shall speak.

Be not afraid of their faces: for I am with you to deliver you, says YHWH.

9 Then YHWH put forth His hand, and touched my mouth. And YHWH said to me, See, I have put My words in your mouth.

10 See, I have this day set you over the nations and over the malchutim, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant.

11 Moreover the word of YHWH came to me, saying, Yirmeyahu, what do you see? And I said, Master I see a branch of an almond eytz.

12 Then said YHWH to me, You have seen well: for I will hasten My word to perform it.

13 And the word of YHWH came to me the second time, saying, what do you see now? And I said, I see a boiling pot; and it faces towards the north.

14 Then YHWH said to me, out of the north an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land. 

15 For, see, I will call all the mishpachot of the malchutim of the north, says YHWH; and they shall come, and each one shall set his kesay at the entrance of the gates of Yahrushalayim, and against all its walls all around, and against all the cities of Yahudah.

16 And I will utter My mishpatim against them regarding all their wickedness, who have forsaken Me, and have burned incense to other elohim, and worshipped the works of their own hands.

17 You therefore dress up your loins, and arise, and speak to them all that I command you: be not broken at their faces, lest I break you before them.

18 For, see, I have made you this day like a walled city, and an iron pillar, and bronze walls against the whole land, against the melechim of Yahudah, against its leaders, against its Kohanim, and against the people of the land.

19 And they shall fight against you; but they shall not prevail against you; for I am with you, says YHWH, to deliver you.

Chapter 2

1 Moreover the word of YHWH came to me, saying, 

Go and cry in the hearing of Yahrushalayim, saying, this says YHWH; I remember you, and the kindness of your youth, the ahava of your bridehood, when you went after Me in the wilderness, in a land that was not sown.

Yisrael was kadosh to YHWH, and the bikkurim of his increase: all that devoured him became guilty; evil came upon them, says YHWH.

Brit Hadasha

Mattiyahu 5:33-37

33 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, you shall not swear falsely, but shall perform to the Master YHWHyour oaths:

34 And so I say to you, Swear not falsely at all; neither by the shamayim; for it is YHWH’s kesay: 

35 Nor by the earth; for it is His footstool: neither by Yahrushalayim; for it is the city of the Awesome Melech.

36 Neither shall you swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white, or black.

37 So let your communication be, Ken, ken; Lo, lo: for whatever is more than this comes from deception.

38 You have heard that it has been said, an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.




 

 

 

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Messianic Hagadah

Pre prep: have 3 matzos in the bag; break the middle one later.

 

KIDDISH

Welcome. There are many elements and shadow pictures that will be displayed here tonight, a remembrance of a long ago exodus out of Mitzrayim, and Moshe, a type of Messiah, and the story for us today, the story of our Messiah YaShua.

We are commanded to rid our homes of all Chametz and clean up our dwelling in honor of the arrival of our Honored Guest; YHWH/YaShua. So, let us pray at this time to YHWH our Elohim that we are found free of any leaven that might blind us and mar our relationship with HIM.

 

Pray -

We are gathered here again, another Seder or Order, keeping the Commandment of YHWH that each year we are to observe and tell the Exodus story throughout our generations. It is the story of how Israel called out to the Elohim of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov, to deliver them from out of the bondage of Mitzrayim into the Promised Land; HE heard their cries, and HE redeemed them from slavery. Yes, HE redeemed HIS chosen people. It is so important that it happens to be the very first Commandment and it reads; Exodus chapter 20:2 I am YHWH your Elohim, Who brought you out of the land of Mitzrayim, out of the house of slaves. This is a time of thanksgiving before HIM and realize that there is coming an even greater Exodus; out of the nations, when our Messiah YaShua leads US home to the Promised Land! Today, know that HIS Torah is a great “shadow picture” of good things to come, as the Apostle Shaul wrote. Today YaShua Messiah, will hear our cry and redeem us from death unto life eternal, when we receive mercy instead of death for breaking HIS Torah Commandments and releases us from the bondage of sin. I ask tonight that you consider each of the scriptures and prayers that you will hear this evening.

 

At this time we will light the lights, of this Seder celebration.

 

Candle Lighting: Bharuch Atah yom tov. Blessed are you, YHWH, King of the Universe, who has sanctified us by your commandments, and has commanded us to kindle the Festival lights. Amen. Bharuch Atah YHWH Eloheynu Melekh ha'olam asher she-he-kan-nu v'-ki-yi-mo-nu v'-hi-gi-anu l'zman ha-zey. Blessed are you, YHWH, King of the Universe, who has kept us in life and has preserved us, and has enabled us to reach this season. Amen.

 

Let us look at the elements we will use during the Seder;

During the Passover Seder we will drink three glasses of wine: The Cup of Sanctification, The Cup of Redemption and the Cup of Praise. We will say the traditional Hebrew prayers before drinking each cup.

 

The CUPS:

SANCTIFICATION:

Traditional - We are to be clean of leaven.

- Yochanan 13:31 When, Yuda went out, Rebbe Melech Ha Moshiach says; now the Ben HaAdam receives kavod and YHWH is given kavod in him. “and the room then was clean of leaven.”

Fulfillment - We are to be clean of sin -- YaShua is the only way to be cleansed of our sins.

PLAGUES:

Traditional - Remembrance of the Plagues in Egypt (We don’t drink this cup)

Fulfillment - Remembrance of our trials and tribulations - develops perseverance, humility and maturity in our walk with YaShua

REDEMPTION:

Traditional - Symbolizes the blood of the Passover lamb who saved the Israelites from death

Fulfillment - YaShua is our Passover Lamb whose blood saves us from death.

This cup is the cup used in communion or YHWH's Supper.

PRAISE:

Traditional - Give thanks to YHWH for guiding the Israelites out of Egypt

Fulfillment - We are to always have praise on our lips for our salvation that is given through YaShua Messiah.

 

The Torah teaches us that there are four things under Heaven that cannot be separated, and they are as follows:

YHWH / Torah = they are echad, or one

YHWH / YaShua = they too are echad, one

Mercy / grace = they go hand in hand, one magnifying the other

Faith / Torah obedience = one is the witness of the other

 

1st CUP – Sanctification

Bless YHWH for the wine.

 

(At this time we drink the first cup)

 

The KARPAS (Parsley)

Exodus 2:23-25

23 The Israelites groaned in their slavery and cried out, and their cry for help, because of their slavery, went up to YHWH.

24 YHWH heard their groaning and He remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob.

25 So YHWH looked on the Israelites with compassion.

 

Eating the Karpas - Take the parsley, called kar-pas dip it into the salt water twice and eat it. We do this to symbolize the salty bitter tears of our slavery.

 

At this time we break the middle matzo

The broken piece is called "the bread of affliction or Afikomen."

 

(Remove and break the middle matzah in two relatively equal pieces.)

We will eat one half and the other half, called the Afikomen, or the dessert we place in the Afikomen bag or pouch.

 

(we put it in the Afikomen pouch.)

 

MAGGID - the “messenger” who says: Shema Yisrael (Hear O’Israel and obey)

Deuteronomy 6:4-9

4 Hear, O Israel: YHWH your Elohim is Echad.

5 Love YHWH your Elohim with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength.

6 These commandments that I give you today are to be written on your heart.

7 Impress them on your children. Talk of them when you sit at home and when you walk by the way, when you lie down and when you rise up.

8 bind them on your arm and on your foreheads.

9 Write them on the door posts and on your gates.

 

Deuteronomy 6:20-25;

20 in the future, when your sons ask you, "What is the meaning of the laws that YHWH our Elohim has commanded you?"

21 Tell him: "We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, but YHWH Elohim brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand.

22 Before our eyes YHWH sent miraculous signs and wonders--great and terrible--upon Egypt and Pharaoh and his whole household.

23 But he brought us out from there, to give us the land that he promised to our forefathers.

24 YHWH commanded us to obey Torah and to fear YHWH our Elohim, so that we might always prosper and be kept alive, as is the case today.

25 And if we are obedient to obey Torah before YHWH our Elohim, as he has commanded us, that will be our righteousness."

AND:

Exodus 12:26-27;

26 and it shall come to pass, when your banim shall say unto you, Mah ha avodah hazot lachem (What is this service to you)?

27 That you shall say, It is the zevach of YHWH's Pesach, (who passed over or spared) the batim (households) of the Bnei Yisrael in Mitzrayim, when HE struck down the Egyptians, and spared bateinu (our houses). And the people bowed down and worshiped.

 

THE FOUR QUESTIONS:

Ma nish-ta-nah ha-lai-lah ha-zeh mi-kol ha-ley-lot! She-be-khol ha-ley-lot a-nu okh-lin kha-meytz u-ma-tzah.

Ha-lai-lah ha-zeh ku-lo ma-tzah. She-be-khol ha-ley-lot a-nu okh-lin she'ar yerakot. Ha-lai-lah ha-zeh a-ror.

She-be-khol ha-ley-lot eyn a-nu mat-bi-lin a-fi-lu pa-'am e-khet. Ha-lai-lah ha-zeh shtey f'a-min.

She-be-khol ha-ley-lot a-nu okh-lin beyn yo-she-vin u-veyn me-su-bin. Ha-lai-lah ha-zeh ku-la-nu me-su-bin.

 

How different this night is from all other nights!

On all other nights we eat bread or matzah. On this night why do we eat only matzah?

On all other nights we eat all kinds of vegetables. On this night why do we eat only bitter herbs?

On all other nights we do not dip our vegetables even once. On this night why do we dip them twice?

On all other nights we eat our meals sitting or reclining. On this night why do we eat only reclining?

Tonight is different from all other nights because tonight we will remember what YHWH has done for his people.

 

We the story of Passover.

A long time had gone by and the Pharaoh who remembered Yoseph, died. Out of fear of our great number, the new Pharaoh feared we would rise up against them, so they put us under harsh bondage. For four-hundred years the Israelites groaned under bondage and cried out to YHWH and HE heard their cries. YHWH chose Moshe (a type of Messiah) who was raised up in Pharaoh’s house, was destined to lead us out of Egypt. Later YHWH appeared to Moses in a burning bush and told him that he would use him to lead HIS people out of Egypt and into a land "flowing with milk and honey." So Moses returned to Egypt riding on a donkey. We see a shadow picture of Our Messiah who came into Yahrushalayim “riding on a donkey.”

The Egyptians worshipped many gods, and YHWH sent 10 plagues upon Egypt’s gods showing Pharaoh that they were not gods at all, but there was only ONE true Elohim, and that was the Elohim of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov. With each plague Pharaoh refused to let the Israelites go, the land of Egypt came under a great plague a tenth and awful plague, where the heart of Pharaoh would be pierced. The death of the “first-born.” The Pesach or Passover of Yisrael!

Exodus 12:12 on that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn--both men and animals--and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am YHWH.

 

Exodus 12:13 and the blood on the houses where you are staying shall be a sign for you: when I see the blood, I will pass over you, so that no plague will destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.

 

2nd CUP - CUP OF PLAGUES: Let us fill our cups a second time.

Bless our Father for the wine.

A full cup is a sign of joy and on this night we are filled with joy in remembrance of YHWH's mighty deliverance. We must also remember the great sacrifice at which redemption was purchased. Lives were sacrificed to bring the Israelites out of the bondage of Egypt. As we recite each plague, let us dip our little finger into the cup, allowing a drop of wine to fall, reducing the fullness of our cup of joy this night.

ALL recite:

Blood!

Frogs!

Gnats!

Wild Beasts!

Disease to Livestock!

Boils!

Hail!

Locusts!

Darkness!

Death of the Firstborn!

 

PASSOVER: It is YHWH that we honor in remembering that HE passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when HE struck the Egyptians. (Lifting the shank bone of a lamb) The shank bone reminds us of the lamb whose blood marked the doors of the Israelites. We read in Exodus that the lamb was to be of its first year, without defect, and brought into the household and cared for. It was then between the evenings, on the fourteenth day of the month, that the Israelites were to kill the lamb and put the blood on the sides and tops of the door frames. YHWH gave HIS people instructions that only through obedience would they be spared from the angel of death. Isaiah told of the coming Messiah, that HE would be led like a lamb to the slaughter. We know that YaShua was our final blood atonement so that we would be freed from the bondage of sin and we would be passed over and spared from the death penalty for breaking YHWH’s Torah Commandments, receiving mercy instead of death.

Revelation 5:12 "Worthy is the Lamb, who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and strength and honor and glory and praise!"

 

SHANK BONE

We remember that YHWH commanded that no bones were to be broken – hence this also was the commandment that no bone of YaShua was to be broken.

The Israelites were saved by YHWH. For it is written:

Exodus 12:12 “On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn--both men and animals--and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am YHWH your Elohim"

 

MATZAH

(Holding up the matzah plate)

Exodus 12:39 Why do we eat this unleavened bread? The dough did not have time to rise before YHWH revealed himself to them and redeemed them.

(Do not eat the Matzah at this time.)

 

MAROR (Horseradish) why do we eat bitter herbs? We eat bitter herbs because of the hardship that the Israelites had to bear. As it is written:

Exodus 1:14 They made their lives bitter with hard labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their hard labor the Egyptians used them ruthlessly.

(Everyone eat Matzah with Maror, bitter herbs.)

 

KORECH how we are to eat the Pesach

Exodus 12:11 this is how you are to eat the Passover: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is YHWH's Passover.

Numbers 9:11 they are to celebrate it on the fourteenth day of the second month at twilight. They are to eat the lamb, together with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

 

Third CUP (the cup of Redemption)

Fill your cup! This is the cup of Redemption

We do not drink at this time!

 

CHAROSET (the mortar we used to lay the bricks we made)

Charoset is a mixture of honey, apples, nuts, cinnamon, and wine. With this we see the sweetness of HIS mercy and grace.

- Let us now eat matzah, Charoset, and Maror and remember the bitterness /sweetness of the grace, mercy and love that YHWH has for each of us, for HE sent YaShua, our Messiah, to be our Passover Lamb. We too, like the Israelites released from the bondage of slavery, can be saved from the bondage of sin.

Eat the Matzah with Maror and Charoset.) with of course the wine!

How great is YHWH's goodness to us! For each of HIS acts of mercy and kindness we declare dayenu [die-YAY-new] - it would have been sufficient.

 

If YHWH had merely rescued us, but had not judged the Egyptians.

day-ye-nu!

If HE had only destroyed their gods, but had not parted the Red Sea.

Day-ye-nu!

If HE had only drowned our enemies, but had not fed us with manna.

Day-ye-nu!

If HE had only led us through the desert, but had not given us the Sabbath.

day-ye-nu!

If HE had only given us the Torah, but not the land of Israel.

day-ye-nu!

SHULCHAN ORECH

A prayer. Break to eat the Passover Supper. LET’S EAT

Everyone returns to finish reading the Haggadah.

Save room for the dessert -- the Afikomen.

After dinner:

Lifting the Afikomen

We will now eat the Afikomen, the dessert. The taste of the Afikomen should linger in our mouths. It is about the Afikomen that YaShua said "This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of Me." (Luke 22:19) The Passover cannot be completed without the Afikomen, nor can our redemption be complete without YaShua, the Bread of Life, and our Messiah!

Bless our Father for the Bread

(All eat the Afikomen)

 

THE 4th CUP Praise

Bless our Father for the wine

Fill your cup this fourth time! This is the Cup of Redemption, symbolizing the blood of the Passover Lamb. It was this cup "after supper", with which Yeshua identified himself –

Luke 22:20 “This cup is the new covenant in MY blood, which is poured out for you."

 

(Drink the fourth cup of wine.)

 

(Lifting the extra cup for Elijah)

If you’ve noticed, we have a place setting which no one used. This was set for Elijah who was to come before Messiah. An old tradition was to have a child get up and go open the door and look for Elijah who was to come ahead of Messiah. But in the Messianic redemption, we open the door, indicating our readiness to receive the Prophet Elijah, the herald of the Messiah. We must also now open our hearts to the truth.

Matthew who spoke of Yochanan the immerser;

Matthew 11:14And if you are willing to accept it, he is the Elijah who was to come."

 

This same Yochanan said;

Yochanan/John 1:29 it was John who saw YaShua and declared, "Look, the Lamb of YHWH, who takes away the sin of the world!"

 

NIRTZAH paid for, or pardoned

Yirmeyahu 31:31-34)

31 "The time is coming," declares YHWH, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.

32 It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them, “declares YHWH.

33 "This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time," declares YHWH. "I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their Elohim, and they will be my people.

34 No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, 'Know YHWH,' because they will all know ME, from the least of them to the greatest," declares YHWH. "For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more."

 

We have now finished our Passover Seder. I encourage each one of you to take the time during the remaining Passover holiday to read the story of Passover in Exodus. La-sha-nah ha-ba-'ah bi Yahrushalayim! Next year in Jerusalem!

** remember do not eat any leavened items for the next eight days.